#80 The wide use of ‘naked’ in Chinese 说说“裸”字

Podcast Transcript

大家好!欢迎回来MaoMi Chinese。

今天我们一起聊一聊一个非常有意思的汉字:“裸”。“裸”,这个字的意思是“露出来”“没有东西盖住”的意思。比如,说一个人一件衣服都没有穿,我们可以说这个人“全裸”。因为没穿衣服,人们也可以看到他们的裸体。

很多时候,“裸”字的意思是没有穿衣服。比如,如果一个人睡觉的时候没有穿衣服,我们可以说这是“裸睡”。如果一个人游泳的时候没有穿衣服,我们可以说这是“裸泳”。如果一个人骑自行车的时候没有穿衣服,我们可以说这是“裸骑”。伦敦每年夏天都有“裸骑日”,很多人都不穿衣服出来骑行。如果一个人不穿衣服跑步,我们可以说这是“裸奔”。

后来,“裸”这个字也有了“什么都没有”的意思。我们一起来看一看一些例子。第一个例子:“裸婚”。我在以前的播客里介绍过,中国人结婚之前要有彩礼和嫁妆(see episode#42 ),最好也要先买好房子和车子。但是,也有很多年轻人没有等到有房子、有车子,就结婚了。这样结婚,就叫“裸婚”,意思是结婚以前什么都没有。比如,我们可以说:“他们的父母很担心他们的婚姻,因为他们裸婚。”

第二个例子,叫“裸考”。在考试以前,很多人都会努力地复习,看很多书。但是,也有一些人,他们在考试以前完全不看书,也不复习,直接去考试。这样就叫“裸考”。比如,我们可以说:“完了完了,这次考试我完全没时间复习,要裸考了,这次肯定不及格。”我们也可以说:“他好厉害啊!裸考但是还得满分!”

第三个例子,叫“裸辞”。辞,意思是辞职。如果我们不喜欢我们的工作,我们就会想要辞职。一般人在辞职以前,都会先找好下一份工作。但是有一些人,没找好下一份工作就直接辞职了。这样就叫“裸辞”。比如,我们可以说:“我太讨厌这个工作了!就算是裸辞,我也要辞职!”我们也可以说:“我觉得你应该更理智一点,不要裸辞,不然你就没有收入了。”

这么多关于“裸”的词语,你觉得哪一个最有意思呢?你可以用这个词,在评论写一个句子,和我们分享哦!

Hello everyone! Welcome back to MaoMi Chinese.

Today let's talk about a very interesting Chinese character: "naked". "Naked" means "to reveal" or "nothing to cover". For example, by saying that a person is wearing no clothes, we can say that the person is "completely naked". Because they don’t wear any clothes, people can also see them naked.

In many cases, the word "naked" means not wearing clothes. For example, if a person sleeps without clothes, we can say that it is "sleeping naked". If a person swims without clothing, we can say it is "swimming naked". If a person rides a bicycle without clothing, we can say it is "riding naked". The "World Naked Bike Ride" takes place in London every summer, and many people go out to ride naked. If a person runs without clothes, we can say it is "streaking".

Later, the word "naked" also got the meaning of "nothing". Let's take a look at some examples. The first example is "naked marriage". As I explained in a previous podcast, Chinese people should have 彩礼 and 嫁妆 before they get married (see episode #42), and it is best for them to buy a house and a car before marriage. However, there are also many young people who get married without purchasing a house and a car. Marriage in this way is called "naked marriage", which means that they own no properties before marriage. For example, we could say, "Their parents are worried about their marriage because they had a ‘naked marriage’."

The second example is "naked exam". Before exams, many people will study hard and read a lot of books. However, there are also some people who go straight to the exam without reading or reviewing at all before the exam. This is called "naked exam". For example, we could say, "This is going to be awful. I don't have time to review for this exam, I'm going to do a ‘naked exam’, and I'll definitely fail this time." We can also say: "He's amazing! He's got a perfect score even he did a ‘naked exam’!"

The third example is "naked resignation". 辞 means resignation/to resign. If we don't like our jobs, we would like to quit them. Most people look for their next job before resignation. However, there are some people who quit their jobs without looking for a next job. This is called "naked resignation". For example, we could say, "I hate this job so much! Even if I have to do a ‘naked resignation’, I'm still going to quit!" We could also say, "I think you should be more rational and don't do a ‘naked resignation’. Otherwise you will end up having no income. "

There are so many words about "naked". Which one do you think is the most interesting? You can use this word, write a sentence in the comments, and share it with us!

3 thoughts on “#80 The wide use of ‘naked’ in Chinese 说说“裸”字”

  1. 有趣也有用谢谢。
    除了裸骑和裸奔我做过所有的这些事情。我住在的城市每年也有个“裸骑日”。所以下年可能我应该做

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