#147 Will Elderly Care be the future in Chinese market? 养老产业是中国的未来吗?

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2023年,印度的人口超过了中国的人口,中国的人口不再是世界第一了。2022年,中国的出生人口比2021年少了85万,也就是说,中国的人口开始越来越少了,老人也越来越多了。中国现在有14亿人,以后,中国会有几亿的老人。那么将来,养老产业会不会很受欢迎,赚很多钱呢?今天,我们一起来聊一聊吧。

现在,中国有多少老人呢?2022年,65岁以上的人,中国已经有超过两亿人,60岁以上的人,有两点七亿人。到了2035年,中国60岁以上的人会超过4亿人。谁来照顾这些老人呢?在中国,孩子长大了以后是应该照顾父母的。但是,有一个很重要的事情,那就是以前的独生子女政策。1979年,中国开始独生子女政策,也就是一对夫妻只能有一个孩子。2016年1月1日,独生子女政策结束。从1979年到2016年出生的孩子们,都是家里的独生子女。他们现在大约是八到四十四岁。这些独生子女结婚以后,不仅要照顾丈夫的父母,还要照顾妻子的父母,也就是一对夫妻要照顾四个老人。除了老人,他们可能还要照顾自己的孩子,压力是非常大的。很多人不得不让自己的父母去养老院,也有的人会请护工来照顾自己的父母。

中国的老人会选择怎么样养老?大多数老人想在家养老,因为很多中国人觉得,家是最好的地方。但是,在家养老也越来越难了。如果老人可以照顾自己,那没有关系。如果老人已经很老了,或者生病了,不能照顾自己,那在家养老就特别难。他们的孩子要工作,而且没有照顾生病的老人的经验,没有时间,也没有办法照顾父母。一些比较有钱的年轻人会请护工来照顾父母。那么,一些不太有钱的年轻人,应该怎么办呢?说实话,这是一个非常难的问题。在中国,很多老人的退休金不高,不够钱请护工。有一些老人只能去养老院,但是中国的养老产业才刚开始不久,养老院不多。2022年,中国只有3.8万个养老院,可是60岁以上的老人大约有两点七亿人。我们来和英国比较一下。英国大约有1.7万个养老院,但是英国的人口不到七千万,六十岁以上的人大约有一千五百万。也就是说,中国可能还需要更多的养老院,也需要更多的护工。

现在,有越来越多的公司想在养老产业赚钱,因为他们知道,中国会有越来越多的老人。但是,因为现在的养老院很少,很多养老院都特别贵,而且一些养老院不能很好地照顾老人,因为他们有太多老人了,太忙了!以后,中国的养老产业会越来越好吗?我想,十年以后,我们就会知道了。

如果你是一个公司的老板,你会开养老院吗?欢迎给我们评论,和我们分享哦!

Hello, everyone! Welcome back to MaoMi Chinese!

In 2023, India's population surpassed that of China, making China no longer the world's most populous country. In 2022, the birth rate in China decreased by 850,000 compared to 2021, indicating a decline in population growth. With 1.4 billion people in China, the number of elderly individuals is increasing. Currently, there are over 200 million people aged 65 and above, and 270 million people aged 60 and above. By 2035, the population of individuals aged 60 and above in China is expected to exceed 400 million. So, will the elderly care industry become popular and lucrative in the future? Let's discuss it together today.

How many elderly people are there in China now? In 2022, there were already over 200 million people aged 65 and above, and 270 million people aged 60 and above. The responsibility of caring for these elderly individuals typically falls on their grown-up children. However, there's a crucial factor to consider—the previous one-child policy. Implemented in 1979, the one-child policy allowed only one child per couple. This policy was abolished on January 1, 2016. Those born between 1979 and 2016 are mostly only children in their families. After marriage, they not only have to take care of their own parents but also their spouse's parents, resulting in the responsibility of caring for four elderly individuals per couple. Besides the elderly, they may also have to take care of their own children, leading to significant stress. Many people end up placing their parents in nursing homes, while others hire caregivers to assist their parents.

How do Chinese elderly individuals choose to spend their old age? Most prefer to age at home, considering it the best place. However, aging at home is becoming increasingly challenging. If the elderly can take care of themselves, that's not an issue. But if they are frail or ill and need assistance, aging at home becomes difficult. Their children have jobs, lack experience in caring for sick parents, and have limited time to provide care. Wealthier individuals may hire caregivers, but for those with less financial means, the situation becomes complicated. Many elderly individuals with low retirement pensions cannot afford caregivers. Some end up in nursing homes, but China's elderly care industry is still in its early stages, with only 38,000 nursing homes in 2022 for approximately 270 million people aged 60 and above. To put it in perspective, the UK, with a population of less than 70 million, has about 17,000 nursing homes for around 15 million people aged 60 and above. China likely needs more nursing homes and caregivers.

Now, more and more companies are looking to profit from the elderly care industry, knowing that China will have an increasing number of elderly individuals. However, due to the scarcity of nursing homes and the high cost of many, some nursing homes struggle to provide adequate care due to the overwhelming number of elderly residents. Will China's elderly care industry improve with time? We will likely find out in the next decade.

If you were a company owner, would you consider opening a nursing home? Feel free to share your thoughts and comments with us!

2 thoughts on “#147 Will Elderly Care be the future in Chinese market? 养老产业是中国的未来吗?”

  1. 如果我是一个公司的老板,我一定会开很多养老院。我也会提高工资让员工在家里把他们的父母好好的照顾,也请护工来帮个忙

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